Previous Work:

Robert A. Mittelstaedt, Business cycles in Phoenix and Tucson, Arizona, 1947-1958, University of Arizona Master’s Thesis, 1960.


​Michael P. Niemira, "Tucson Cyclical Economic Indicators: The Logic and Use of Composite Indicators for Regional Analysis,"  unpublished presentation, March 10, 2016.


The Arizona Business Cycle

UPDATED:  June 19, 2020

U.S. and Tucson, Arizona Business Cycle Dates